The Problem of Evil Evil exists, a plain and simple fact. The argument for the problem of evil (and suffering) proves that fact. The argument for the problem of evil states that there is a all-good, all-powerful God. It states that God being all-good means that he only wants good to exist.
Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy In the Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius addresses many solutions to the never-ending problem of evil. In Book IV Boethius offers a solution to the problem based on the distinction between “Fate” and “Providence.”.
The problem of evil is usually seen as the problem of how the existence of God can be reconciled with the existence of evil in the world. The problem simply stems from basic beliefs or assumptions pertaining to the attributes of God: God is perfectly good, omniscient, and omnipotent.
A popular response to the problem of evil contends that there is a necessary connection between free will and the existence of moral (or human-caused) evil.
A typical counter-argument to such theistic proofs is the problem of evil. The problem of evil often takes the below form, which is the form that Stump lays out:3 (1) God is omnipotent; (2) God is omniscient; (3) God is perfectly good. Most people, as Stump recognizes, claim: (4) There is evil in the world.
This argument against the problem of evil works so well, because it is able to deny that there is a problem at all. I argue however, that the problem of evil still remains; for example, just because someone with cancer is able to deny that they have cancer, it still exists in there body.
THE PROBLEM OF EVIL The monotheistic God of Christianity, Judaism and Islam assumes the divine qualities of omnipotence, omniscience and omni benevolence. However, the existence of evil and suffering in the world provides a challenge to the loving God of classical theism.
The problem of evil has always been the most baffling problem facing the theist. Indeed, it is belief in a personal God which constitutes the problem in all its known acuteness. At the heart of all high religion there is the conviction that there is behind the universe an ultimate power which is perfectly good.
In the paper written by Collins entitled,” The Problem of Evil Basics,” It has been noted that reconciling the concept of existence of a perfectly good God and evil is necessary in solving the problem of evil. Collins presented two valid arguments in clarifying the problem of evil in the theistic perspective.
Theodicy is the term used to describe the area of theology which seeks to defend God’s justice and righteousness in light of the presence of evil in the world. By looking at some of these views it is possible to form our own response to this problem of the existence of suffering and evil.
Abstract: I argue that the problem of evil can be a moral objection to theistic belief.The thesis has three broad sections, each establishing an element in this argument. Section one establishes the logically binding nature of the problem of evil: The problem of evil must be solved, if you are to believe in God.
Response Paper Mccloskey Article In his article, On Being an Atheist, H.J. McCloskey tried to show that atheism is a more reasonable and comfortable belief than that of Christianity. McCloskey argued against the three theistic proofs, which are the cosmological argument, the teleological argument and the argument from design.
A hypothesis is intended to explain the evidence in the best possible way. I do not think that the theistic hypothesis is the best response to the problem of evil in the world. It cannot explain the evidence from our point of view. the atheistic hypothesis is better.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz on the Problem of Evil Leibniz’s Problem of Evil is a consequential treatise that has risen from his philosophical discussions on the problem of freedom, sin and evil. This would be our concern since the problem of evil was derived from the previous premises of the existence of God and its hold on the concepts of freedom and sin.
There are in fact five classic theist responses to the problem of evil, which I will examine here. The first of these responses is the Defence for the Greater Good, or the Utilitarian Calculation Response. This states that evil is part of God's plan for the greater good.The problem of evil is often formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil. The logical form of the argument tries to show a logical impossibility in the coexistence of God and evil, (1) (4) while the evidential form tries to show that given the evil in the world, it is improbable that there is an omnipotent, omniscient, and wholly good God. (2).Skeptical theism is the view that we should remain skeptical of our ability to discern whether our perceptions about evil can be considered good evidence against the existence of the orthodox Christian God. The central thesis of skeptical theism is that it would not be surprising for an infinitely intelligent and knowledgeable being's reasons for permitting evils to be beyond human comprehension.